The sound and sight of an outdoor home garden fountain can be very peaceful and relaxing. These fountains typically become the focal point of a garden and bring much pleasure, particularly when interesting birds come to drink or bathe.
The majority of garden water fountains are pre-assembled and the homeowner simply needs to decide on the most appropriate spot to place the unit. These pre-assembled fountains need only to be filled with water and to be plugged into a power source. It is also possible to source the various elements for your fountain separately and to assemble a unit that is unique to your own garden.
Home Garden fountains can be either free-standing or can be installed against a wall. It is important to ensure that the wall you choose will hold the weight of both the fountain bowl and the water it contains and such advice is best obtained from a reputable contractor. Large fountain basins should also be supported by a T-bracket, of which many decorated ones are available.
Water entering the basin should do so at approximately eye level, which is the correct height to drill through the wall in order to install the outlet plumbing. The water intake pipe can be positioned at knee level and you will need to drill a second hole in the wall to accept the water intake pipes.
Although wall fountains have their following and can be decidedly attractive, many homeowners will choose to have a fee standing garden fountain. These fountains are available in different sizes and the larger ones will require a substantial base, constructed preferably from cement. The cement slab on which your fountain will stand should ideally be three inches larger on every side than its base. A foundation for your stand-alone fountain should extend approximately two to three inches below ground level.
The base of your home garden fountain must always be level and it makes sense to position the fountain as close to an electrical outlet as possible. Add to the overall aesthetic of the garden by burying the electrical cable. By doing so, you will also be increasing the safety factor, as children and pets will not be able to access it. Garden fountains, which weigh less than 30 pounds, do not require a concrete foundation and can simply be placed on paving stones or bricks.
A small water fountain garden can also be positioned on patios or in atriums, which visually extends the beauty of the garden into the living space of the home. Fountains designed for these areas will typically be free-standing and relatively small and compact.
Choose a small submersible pump that runs silently for use in these areas and be sure that the basin you use is watertight. Also, check that joints in the plumbing are equally watertight. This is particularly important when piping is to be buried under the ground, as it becomes very disruptive to plants if the plumbing needs to be dug up after the initial installation to repair leaky connections.
In the case of very large stand-alone fountains, be sure to place a pre-filter over the intake of the pump if you intend to place small pond fish in the basin. If you fail to do this, fish will be drawn into the impeller housing of the pump, with fatal results.
Fountains that stand in parts of the country that are prone to frost are best drained prior to the first frost to prevent damage to the pump and in severe cases, damage to the fountain as well. For those looking to create a tranquil area in a special spot on their property, an outdoor water fountain is a very good choice.